Originally home to the Cherokee people and later American settlers, Kennesaw Mountain was a peaceful farming area until June 27, 1864.
That day, the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was fought on the mountain. The bloody attack – which resulted in a Confederate victory – forever altered the landscape, driving away animals and destroying trees and homes. After the Civil War, the nearby city of Big Shanty was renamed Kennesaw.
The site was designated a national battlefield park in 1935. Today, the 2,965-acre Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park includes three battlefield areas, hiking trails and a Visitor Center with a museum and theater.